Some of you helped me with a request a couple of days ago for some links to primary sources regarding Israel– I specifically was looking for sources describing that geographical area during the latter years of the Ottoman Empire. The whole point was to give a list of mostly primary sources showing that the common narratives regarding Palestine and Israel (that there even was a Palestine, or a Palestinian People, prior to the creation of Israel, for one) are completed and utter fabrications.
For those who want to know about the area prior to Israel, the creation of Israel, and a bit of commentary on all of it, here’s the list of primary and secondary sources I created:
[Photo of Jerusalem by National Geographic]
Descriptions of the area known as Palestine in the latter days of the Ottoman Empire:
Mark Twain’s Innocents Abroad: http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/3176
Gustav Flaubert on Jerusalem in 1850: http://books.google.com/books?id=w0mml-378QQC&pg=PA26&lpg=PA26&dq=Gustave+Flaubert+holy+land&source=bl&ots=DkB4tbVSNI&sig=cm9fGQcWqZnvI8DNoLZPclGFwts&hl=en&sa=X&ei=mzjVU-aCLpCXyATEloKADg&ved=0CDkQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=Gustave%20Flaubert%20holy%20land&f=false
Lamartine Describes Jerusalem and the surrounding land circa 1835: http://books.google.com/books?id=GSYOAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q=Jerusalem&f=false
Jordan under Ottoman Rule (according to the King of Jordan’s website– the geographical area known as “Palestine” was at the time a part of what is now Jordan): http://www.kinghussein.gov.jo/his_ottoman.html
The Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/sykes.asp
Map of Sykes-Picot Divisions: http://www.crethiplethi.com/the-sykes-picot-agreement-1916/historical-documents/2009/
The Balfour Declaration: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/balfour.asp
The White Paper of 1922: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/brwh1922.asp
Text of the Mandate for Palestine: http://unispal.un.org/UNISPAL.NSF/0/2FCA2C68106F11AB05256BCF007BF3CB
(it is interesting that this document is not included in the Yale resources)
English Translation of Hamas Charter: http://www.palestine-studies.org/files/pdf/jps/1734.pdf
(The Charters for Fatah and the PLO are even worse, but since Hamas is the current leader of this, I’m just linking to theirs)
Well-Sourced Secondary Sources:
This is a long read, going into the decades of politics behind the Balfour Declaration. I recommend it for those facts, but disagree with some of the conclusions, based as they are in some erroneous understanding of the geographic area of Palestine under Ottoman rule, and the initial settlement of that region just after the Declaration (the the article below from The Blaze for more information).
Secondary to Tertiary Sources, or other commentary:
Only because most of the article is direct quotes from primary sources– newpapers. But those sources are essential for understanding what is behind the claim that the “Israelis evicted the Palestinians”
This guy admits right out the front that a lot of what he writes is speculative in nature. However, it’s also the first time I’ve seen something that made some manner of sense out of a culture in which “Hudna” and “Taqquiya” are considered virtuous. Part of the problem in the West is that a lot of us ignorantly assume that everyone else on the planet is just like we are, that every culture extolls the same things as virtuous and condemns the same things as villainous, but this simply isn’t so. The author of this shows why that misapprehension skews our understanding of things over there so much. Finally, it puts things like the Hamas Charter into a cultural context that is understandable.
A Couple Blogs of interest:
It is my hope that the above linked information can be a useful primer in the subject of “What the heck is going on over there?!”
This post was originally published here on 27 July 2014. This is a repost with no changes except art added.